Forest should be managed wisely to benefit all parties and stakeholders. Forests provide many benefits, both tangible and intangible. So far, forest management has focused on the use of timber forest products which are nowadays clearly unable to maintain forest conditions, especially natural forests. This is indicated by the decreasing number of natural forest concession rights, as well as natural forest timber production which in turn will result to its inability to meet the needs of domestic industrial raw materials, but increasing the rate of deforestation and degradation.

Based on data from Forest Watch Indonesia (2013), the area of natural forest cover in Indonesia until 2013 was around 82 million ha or about 46% of Indonesia’s area, and 62.6% of the total forest area. According to Margono et al. (2014), from 2000 to 2012 Indonesia lost 6.02 million ha of primary forest and this lost increased by around 47 600 ha per year. In 2012, the average rate of primary forest loss in Indonesia was estimated to be higher (0.84 million ha) than the average primary forest loss in Brazil, which was around 0.46 million ha.
The loss of forest cover is caused by several factors, including forest and land fires, illegal logging, forest conversion to agricultural land and oil palm plantations, as well as industrial exploration and exploitation in forest areas (oil and gas, coal, etc.) (MoEF 2015; Forest Watch Indonesia 2015). Forest destruction in Indonesia has had a very significant impact on increasing CO emissions and climate change, as well as the loss of biodiversity. According to Ahrend et al. (2010), degradation and deforestation in tropical forests are the main causes of carbon emissions and loss of biodiversity. 
One of the efforts needed to reduce the impact of deforestation and degradation is through sustainable forest management by considering economic, social, and also the function of the forest ecosystem. This is in line with the change in the current paradigm of forest management, namely the change in the management of forest benefits, which was initially limited to timber production, to the management of forest for the preservation of environmental services and the function of the forest ecosystem as a whole to achieve sustainable development.
Silvicultural science plays a very vital role in sustainable forest management by ensuring the sustainability of forest ecosystem functions (habitat, regulation, production and information) and increasing positive socio-economic impacts, including in terms of maintaining and increasing forest productivity, and achieving sustainable development. The study of forest ecosystem functions requires in-depth research, sharing and dissemination of research results to various stakeholders.
Therefore, we need a forum that can facilitate and provide space for sharing and dissemination of the study for academics, researchers, practitioners, and policy makers. The International Conference on Tropical Silviculture is held regularly by the Department of Silviculture, Faculty of Forestry and Environment, IPB University. The theme of this year’s conference is “Inspiring Silviculture Innovation and Research Towards Sustainable Development to Achieve SDGs” . This conference is expected to be a means of exchanging information, knowledge and innovation for the sake of improving the function of forest ecosystems and also achieving sustainable forests.